Free Response - Climbing Club A

The following is part a of a free response question from 2012. It was question 1 on the exam. You can see all the free response questions from past exams at https://apstudent.collegeboard.org/apcourse/ap-computer-science-a/exam-practice.

Question 1. A mountain climbing club maintains a record of the climbs that its members have made. Information about a climb includes the name of the mountain peak and the amount of time it took to reach the top. The information is contained in the ClimbInfo class as declared below.

public class ClimbInfo
{
   /** Creates a ClimbInfo object with name peakName and time climbTime.
     * @param peakName the name of the mountain peak
     * @param climbTime the number of minutes taken to complete the climb
     */
   public ClimbInfo(String peakName, int climbTime)
   { /* implementation not shown */ }

   /** @return the name of the mountain peak*/
   public String getName()
   { /* implementation not shown */ }

   /** @return the number of minutes taken to complete the climb*/
   public int getTime()
   { /* implementation not shown */ }

   // There may be instance variables, constructors, and methods
   // that are not shown.
}

The ClimbingClub class maintains a list of the climbs made by members of the club. The declaration of the ClimbingClub class is shown below. You will write two different implementations of the addClimb method. You will also answer two questions about an implementation of the distinctPeakNames method

public class ClimbingClub
{
   /** The list of climbs completed by members of the club.
    * Guaranteed not to be null. Contains only non-null
    * references.
    */
   private List<ClimbInfo> climbList;

   /** Creates a new ClimbingClub object. */
   public ClimbingClub()
   {
      climbList = new ArrayList<ClimbInfo>();
   }

   /** Adds a new climb with name peakName and time climbTime
    * to the list of climbs.
    * @param peakName the name of the mountain peak climbed
    * @param climbTime the number of minutes taken to complete
    * the climb
    */
   public void addClimb(String peakName, int climbTime)
   {
      /* to be implemented in part (a) */
   }

   /** @return the number of distinct names in the list of climbs */
   public int distinctPeakNames()
   {
      /* implementation shown in part (c) */
   }

   // There may be instance variables, constructors, and methods
   // that are not shown.
}

Part a. Write an implementation of the ClimbingClub method addClimb that stores the ClimbInfo objects in the order they were added. This implementation of addClimb should create a new ClimbInfo object with the given name and time. It appends a reference to that object to the end of climbList. For example, consider the following code segment.

ClimbingClub hikerClub = new ClimbingClub();
hikerClub.addClimb("Monadnock", 274);
hikerClub.addClimb("Whiteface", 301);
hikerClub.addClimb("Algonquin", 225);
hikerClub.addClimb("Monadnock", 344);

When the code segment has completed executing, the instance variable climbList would contain the following entries.

Picture of the list after the above code executes

How To Solve This

In the addClimb method you need to create a new ClimbInfo object and initialize the peakName and climbTime. How do you create a new object of a class and initialize the fields?

Once you have created the ClimbInfo object you want to add it in the order they were created. To do this you can add it to the end of the climbList. How do you add an object to the end of a list?

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Try and Solve It

Complete the method addClimb in the ClimbingClub class in the code below. The code includes a main method that will test the addClimb method.

Video - One way to code the solution

There are many possible solutions to this problem. The video below shows one solution.

Next Section - Free Response - Climbing Club B