Naming Procedures and Functions¶
We’ve already seen how we can use names to represent numbers (both integers like 3
and 325
and decimal numbers like 2.4
and 322.9392
), strings (like "Hi There"
), turtles, and images. When we do calculations using the names, the computer will look up the value for each name, and then use the value in the calculation. We can also name a sequence of statements and then ask the computer to run that sequence whenever we use that name. This is similar to asking someone to do a dance that they know, like the Macarena or Salsa. Once you know the dance you can do the steps.
In programming there are two different terms used for a named sequence of statements: procedure and function. A procedure accomplishes some task or makes something happen, but doesn’t return anything. A function returns a result. Many procedures and functions are built into Python. The function abs
returns the absolute value of its input. The function int
takes a decimal number as input and returns just the integer part.

csp621: What do you think print(int(abs(16.789))), prints?
 16
 The function abs will change the negative.
 16.789
 The original number will change.
 16.789
 The function int will remove the decimal part.
 16
 The function abs will make it positive, and the function int will cut it down to 16.